Microsoft Azure Fundamental Questions

10 minute read

What are the two reasons that you may see the message: “There are no offers available in your region or country at this time”?

  • You might not be eligible for any offer switches.
  • Some offers may not be available in all countries/regions.

Why type of lock in Azure means authorized users can still read and modify a resource, but they can’t delete the resource?


Why type of lock in Azure means authorized users can read a resource, but they can’t delete or update the resource?


Which element of an RBAC is the set of resources that the access applies to?


Which term refers to a set of technologies that minimize IT disruptions by providing business continuity of IT services through redundant, fault-tolerant, or failover- protected components inside the same data center?

High Availability

What type of attack attempts to exhaust an application’s resources, making the application unavailable to legitimate users?

A DDoS attack

Which feature of Azure Key Vault effectively holds the resources for a given retention period (90 days), while giving the appearance that the object is deleted?

Soft Delete

What is the term tor a collection of single databases with a shared set of resources, such as CPIJ or memory? 

Elastic Pool

What is the default number of days resources are held after a soft delete?

90 Days

Why is the ability to adjust the average CPU utilization rule for identifying low usage virtual machines from Azure Security Advisor disabled it you are an administrator?

You must be a subscription Owner or have the required permissions for a subscription or resource group to include or exclude a subscription or resource group from Advisor.

Yes or No: Do you receive a warning it you try to delete an Azure Marketplace purchase that is in use by one of your applications?


Which protocols can be used to access files that are in a cache of your Azure file share which has been organized by Azure File Sync?


What is the built-in feature of Cloud Services, Mobile Services, Virtual Machines, and Websites that helps applications perform their best when demand changes?


An RBAC role assignment consists of which three elements?

security principal, role definition, and scope

Which data protection law imposes strict rules on controlling and processing personally identifiable information (Pll) across all 28 EU countries?

General Data Privacy Regulation (GDPR)

What does the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) regulation  serve?

The public’s concerns over privacy

Which Microsoft services are covered by the Compliance Score?

Compliance Score is currently available only for Office 365 Assessments & Power Platform

Since Azure Advisor automatically runs in the background to find newly created resources, what is the number of hours that you should wait for it to provide.

Up to 24 Hrs

What effects are supported in an Azure Policy?

• Append • Audit • AuditlfNotExists • Deny • DeploylfNotExists

Which type of blob in Azure Blob Storage is made up of blocks like block blobs, but is optimized for append operations?

Append Blocks

What is a fully managed service designed to enable seamless online migrations from multiple database sources to Azure Data platforms with minimal downtime?

Azure Database Migration Service

What is the process of restoring application functionality in the wake of a catastrophic loss?

Disaster recovery

Which pricing tier of an App Service plan runs apps on dedicated Azure VMs?

Dedicate compute

Which Azure component helps your logic app access apps, services, and systems in the cloud or on premises by providing triggers, actions, or both?

Azure Logic Apps connector

What are the Microsoft Support hours in North America?

9:00 AM to 9:00 PM EST

Which Azure service is an Apache Spark-based analytics platform optimized for the Microsoft Azure cloud services platform, which provides one-click setup, streamlined workflows, and an interactive workspace that enables collaboration between data scientists, data engineers, and business analysts?

Azure  Databricks

Yes or No: If you delete or rehydrate archived blobs before 180 days, will you incur early deletion fees?

Yes, you will incur early deletion fees.

Which feature of Azure Security Center helps streamline the process for meeting regulatory compliance requirements? 

The Regulatory compliance dashboard 

What are the three deployment modes of Azure Database for PostgreSQL?

  • Single Server
  • Flexible Server
  • Hyperscale (citus)

Which certification was introduced to ensure the security and privacy of data in Korea through a stringent set of control requirements?

K-ISMS  (Korea Information Security Management System)

By default, how many failed attempts will have to be tried before an account is locked out with the smart lockout feature of Azure Active Directory? 


Which cost saving mechanism saves money over pay-as-you-go prices by committing to one-year or three-years plans for Azure resources?

Azure Reservations

What is the response time for the Standard support package if you have a critical business impact (severity A) issue?

Less than an hour

What are default labels for classification in Azure Information Protection?

Personal, Public, General, Confidential, and Highly Confidential

What is the web portal for developers in Azure Machine Learning?

Azure Machine Learning Studio

Can you migrate data and services to a new subscription?


Which Azure service is a web traffic load balancer that enables you to manage traffic to your web applications?

Azure Application Gateway

At which OSI layer does an Azure load balancer operate?

Layer 4 (Transport)

Yes or No: Do customers who purchase Azure Developer Support plan receive

Support on non-Microsoft technologies that run on Azure platforms, such as Linux?


Which atomic unit allows monolithic applications to split up into individual services?


What are the three ways an Azure SQL Database can be deployed?

  • Single Database
  • Elastic Pool
  • Azure SQL Managed Instance

What term describes a node in the Azure resource hierarchy where Azure AD users access and manage services?


Which type of computing is the ability to quickly expand or decrease computer processing, memory, and storage resources to meet changing demands without worrying about capacity planning and engineering for peak usage. 

Elastic  Computing

Which resource in the Azure portal provides a higher level of availability and scale by spreading incoming requests across virtual machines (VMs)?

Load Balancer

Which Azure service enables you to classify, label, and protect your information? 

Azure Information Protection

In the Azure portal interface, what color is the “Preview” banner that distinguishes it from other features?


Which CLI command is used to apply a tag to an Azure resource?  (Azure CLI)

az resource tag

Which cmdlet is used to apply a tag to an Azure resource?  (Powershell)


How often are feature updates sent to users?

Twice a year

Which feature of Azure Advisor has consolidated views for

recommendations of your Azure resources, and prevents, detects,

responds to threats?

Security Assistance

Which type of cloud is owned and managed by the organizations that are served by the cloud itself?

A Private cloud

Which type of cloud provides the most security?

A Private Cloud

Which type of cloud provides the most security?

A Private Cloud

Yes or No: Is Azure IOT Edge available in the free tier of IOT Hub?


Yes or No: If you accidentally delete an Azure Marketplace purchase, can you undo the action?


Yes or No: Does Microsoft have a single service-level agreement (SLA) for Azure services?

No, there is separate service-level agreement (SLA) for each service

When using passthrough authentication, which lockout threshold should be longer: the Azure AD lockout threshold or the Active Directory account lockout threshold?

The Active Directory account lockout threshold should be 2 or 3 times longer than the Azure  AD lockout threshold.

What is the Twitter handle to use to receive support for Azure Services?


Which type of cloud computing service model allows your organization to NOT install and run software applications on your computer (or any computer)?

Software-as-a-Service (SaaS)

Which type of cloud computing service model allows users to run off the shelf software with a subscription model by paying a fixed, inclusive monthly account fee?

Software-as-a-Service  (SaaS)

What tool estimates the cost savings you can realize by migrating your workloads to Azure?

The Cost of  Ownership (TCO) Calculator

Which feature in Azure can you use  to determine your costs based on your business needs?

Price Calculator

Which pricing tier of an App Service plan runs an app on the same Azure VM as other App Service apps, including apps that belong to other customers?

Shared Compute

Which Azure Community Support forum has Microsoft’s response to Azure technical questions?

MSDN Forum

What is an eventing backplane that enables event-driven, reactive programming, and uses a publish-subscribe model ?

Event Grid

Which factors are used to define your workloads with the Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) calculator?

  • Number of Servers
  • Number of Databases
  • Amount of Storage
  • Network bandwidth consumed

Yes or No: Does the Azure Cloud Shell require an Azure file share to be mounted?


What happens if Microsoft does not achieve and maintain the Service Levels for each Service as described in the Service Level Agreement

You may be eligible for a credit towards a portion of your monthly service fees.

What is the process of restoring application functionality in the wake of a catastrophic loss?

Disaster Recovery

Which address ranges can you NOT use in a VNet?

  1. (Loopback)
  2. (Internal DNS)
  4. (Multicast)
  5. (Broadcast)

To Support Azure Database Migration Service, which ports should not be blocked by your Azure Virtual Network (VNet) Network Security Group rules?

443, 53, 9354, 445, 12000

What are the 3 components that make up Azure IoT Edge?

  1. IoT Edge modules
  2. IoT Edge runtime
  3. A cloud-based  interface

Which service provides you with a customizable dashboard which tracks the health of your Azure services in the region where you use them?

Azure Service Health

What are the 5 support plans available to Azure Customers?

Basic, Developer, Standard, Professional Direct, Premier, Unified

Which views are included with Compliance Manager?

Compliance Manager and Legacy Compliance Manager

Which type of cloud computing service model is often the most cost-effective and time-effective way for a developer to create a unique application?

Platform-as-a-Service (PaaS)

Which 3 services make Azure Service Health?

Azure Status, Service Health, Resource Health

Which sources of data for Azure Monitor will write to which data stores?

Either a Log Analytics Workspace ( Logs )  or the Azure Monitor metrics database (Metrics) or both.

Which type of cloud computing service model allows you to avoid the expense of an on-premises IT infrastructure?

Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS)

What is an Azure offer?

An Azure offer is the type of the Azure subscription you have.

What is the relational database service in the Microsoft cloud based on the MySQL Community Edition

(available under the GPLv2 license) database engine, versions 5.6, 5.7, and 8.0, and uses automatic

backups and point-in-time-restore for up to 35 days?

Azure Database for MySQL

What Azure tool is a managed, cloud-based network security service that protects your Azure Virtual Network resources?

Azure Firewall

What Azure service enables you to classify , label and protect your information?

Azure Information Protection

What is Availability Zone?

Availability Zones are unique physical locations within an Azure region. Each zone is made up of one or more datacenters equipped with independent power, cooling, and networking.

Does a synapse SQL pool stores data in relational tables if it is storing data from a data lake?


What is single container that starts in seconds billed by the second and allows you to select the exact amount of memory separate from the actual count of vCPUs, so you application fits the infrastructure?

Container Instance

Which object in Azure contains security rules that allow or deny inbound network traffic to, or outbound network traffic from, several types of Azure Resources ?

Network Security Group (NSG)

How can a user unlock the user’s cloud account if the account was locked out by the Smart Lockout capability?

The user can unlock by using  Self-Service Password Reset (SSPR) from a trusted device or location

What is the minimum role needed to access Advisor recommendations?

Reader of a subscription, Resource Group or Resource

Can you find a list of preview features on the


What is the ability to do things more efficiently or at a lower-cost per unit when operating at a larger scale?

Economies of  scale

Thanks for reading my article till end. I hope you learned something special today. If you enjoyed this article then please share to your friends and if you have suggestions or thoughts to share with me then please write in the comment box.

💖 Say 👋 to me!
Rupesh Tiwari
Founder of Fullstack Master